The Process of Making a Documentary: Pre to Post Production

The Process of Making a Documentary: Pre to Post Production


Hey everybody Rob here Today we’re gonna talk about all the things That you need to do to make an amazing video In particular we’re gonna talk about pre-production Which is all the things that you need to do before you grab that camera Then, production, which is everything; once you grab that camera and you start shooting and then post-production Which is the process of taking that footage, ingesting it, and making the final product. This is kind of giving you a feel for what we’re going to be talking in this course and then we’re going to go into detail in future videos here with each of the individual steps and explain them a bit further Alright, lets get started with pre-production Alright, now the very first step in this whole process is coming up with your story What is the idea that you want to make a film about? Often times, I will actually take a notebook, like this, this is good way to keep track of your story ideas. I’ll write them down here whenever they come to mind, and then I can refer back to them later. Then next step is thinking about your audience. This is really important because whoever your audience is, and how they’re going to see it They are gonna determine how you structure the rest of your film Now for instance, we actually made all of the videos for this Biology textbook. In a DVD in the back of the book. So, in theory our audience was students. So at the same time our audience was the teachers. Cause the teachers had to watch the video first, think it was relevant to show to students in a classroom setting. Really we are trying to make these videos, so you can show them to your class, mix up the lessons and make them more effective. If we were making videos for people flipping through instagram, or through facebook and we have a picture in our head of who’s going to be watching them we would make very different videos We’d have it a lot spicier at the very beginning, but we had a captivated audience in those classrooms So, did you see how it could structure the rest of the film? obviously very important Now, I wanna bring up clients and contracts now obviously you can work with clients and do contracts at any stage in this process But for me, definitely at this stage we are ready to sign a contract and move forward with the rest of the scripting process Alright, at this stage it’s very important to think about all of my books on how to make good films. Are you can use a narrator, or are you going to use a host? Is it going to be first person or third person? Is it going to be avant guarde or maybe an indie film? There’s so many ways that you can tell your story But now is the stage you’re going to have to figure out how you’re gonna do it. Alright, next thing you gotta do, is you gotta do your research. You gotta figure out “What do people know about this topic?” and maybe more importantly, has anyone done a video on it? And if so, how are you going to make yours different Now you’re ready for the scripting process Essentially you’re going to start with a very detailed outline step by step and if you’re shooting a documentary You may actually end with that outline but if you want to take it one step further then you’re going to write a detailed script Now, you’re ready to wrap up pre-production and you’re gonna need to think about everything you need before you shoot That might include, for instance, thinking about your location. You might even wanna go scout your location then you’re gonna have to think about all the logistics needed to get to that location and make it happen and finally you’re gonna have to make sure you have a good crew in place. Alright, at this stage you’re ready to shoot this is the production process for instance Jonah shoots all of our things I shoot with Leo all the time he’s gonna be the talent here Hailey often does a lot of the production this is how it looks But there are so many steps involved in making a good shot I’m gonna kinda glaze over it at this stage and we’re gonna jump straight to post-production Alright, now you got your media you got everything shot and you’re gonna start the post-production process now sometimes you’ll back up things in the field lets say you didn’t. You’re going to plug your media into your computer and you’re gonna start media managing this is a really important step. essentially for us we’re gonna use external drives here we’re gonna back it up there we’re gonna maybe make another copy send it to another location but from there that’s where our rough cut starts Oftentimes we’ll have an assistant editor or somebody to piece all the footage together so the editor can go through and start making cuts a bit easier but this is where the real art happens and I mean it is a very difficult process one of the things you might do after the rough cut gets started is do narration, for instance, I do that over here It’s actually kind of our closet but its also a very nice sound proof room I have these nice foam pads. I’ll record my narration into here and then take it back to my rough cut then I drop the narration in, start adding music and effects , I do color correction I start fine tuning I’ll start working with the client. I will send them a copy and say “Hey what do you think about this version?” and they’ll give me comments and we just go back and forth in this somewhat of a dance until we wrap things up but that’s more or less the whole process Background voice: You just said that word for word holy crap. this is kind of the first of the series we have more detailed videos on all of these coming up so if you’re keen on this process stay tuned I think you’re really going to like it uhh, that means you should subscribe first of all, like this video if you got something out of it. and big thanks to our patrons, who are allowing to take the time to give this to you guys and we will get the next one out to you on Tuesday Working with a film crew is great Rob and Jonas are awesome they bring so many toys out on the boat with us and uh lots of batteries too, nothing ever dies and they never make us repeat answers to questions or anything they always just ask you the question one time and that’s it its done, so uh it’s fantastic.

54 thoughts on “The Process of Making a Documentary: Pre to Post Production

  1. I’d love to hear some tips on shooting a documentary about something that hasn’t happened yet, when it’s impossible to plan out the narrative beforehand.

  2. This is amazing thanks for all the tips. I’m in pre production of a mini series about the history and motivation for major scientific discoveries in physics. And I really look forward to hearing your take and view on documentary film making! I feel like this will be very very helpful. Thanks!!!

  3. I'm really excited about the upcoming videos. I enjoyed the earlier videos you did on the filmmaking process and have been hoping for more aIong those same lines. Really interested in what you guys have in store!

  4. Yes. I want to make a short sketch for example. Kind of what Freddie&Brandon did in the very early days… Or even Sam&Niko.

    I got the rough idea for the sketch but I have a feeling it has been done before.

  5. Really high level view and I can't wait for some more detail! This is pretty similar to the process I use when we are planning out a Facebook/ Instagram video ad. Super interested to pick up some other tips!

  6. Loving this series. Very interested in the content having just started out into the world of documentary film making. πŸ‘

  7. this is something what I did when I was not ready with my pre production. But managed in post production.
    πŸ‘‡πŸ‘‡πŸ‘‡πŸ‘‡πŸ‘‡πŸ‘‡πŸ‘‡
    https://youtu.be/-0kofXhqpz0

  8. Going by the comments this is a good documentary about making a documentary …I would love to watch it but unfortunately i am unable to do so ..With so many jump cuts, very short scenes , zooms and pans ,If i even attempted to do so I would end up with nausea or similar…But never mind the old complainers , keep on rocking in the free world. Who knows, I may be the only one on Youtube that suffers from motion sickness

  9. Hi! i'm a nearly 12 year old boy and was given a task to record a full documentary about a child's life in India from both perspectives! Poor and rich.luckily there will be no cost to the ticket to fly there *PHEW.*my dad bought me a professional camera to record it. this is the link: https://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/WiFi-4K-Ultra-HD-24MP-30X-ZOOM-Night-Vision-DV-Digital-Video-Camera-Camcorder-DV/153027573620?hash=item23a1277774:g:KKgAAOSwEARbHkWR read the description it comes with EVERYTHING! please reply back if it is good enough and this vid really helped

  10. Inspiring! I'm editing a shoot I did of a Migrant charity in London. Trying to think about the story that I'm telling. It's the story that moves people!

  11. Brilliant, thanks so much for this. What a great, engaging, way to present and inspire. Looking forward to more. David

  12. Hi Guys, here is the best article for how to make a documentary video. So can read this arcile>>>>
    https://techwhippet.com/how-to-make-a-documentary-video/

  13. 52Things: Rob & Jonas … Never put music/noise over speech. This should be lesson #1. There are many different accents of the English Language and this can't be helped. When a person is speaking with an accent (to me, obviously) and then some annoying noise is put over the speech, it becomes very difficult or impossible to understand. Remember, your purpose is … to communicate, right.
    Lesson #1a) Music is an Art and all Art depends on the aesthetics of the person consuming the Art. This means that there is no good Art and bad Art, there is only the Art that I like. (or, you like, obviously)
    In other words My music is wonderful and your music is shit This is always true of all Art.
    Again, remember your purpose is to communicate your information to a broad range of people, everybody. Terminate the noise/music

  14. How are you liking editing video with the curved screen? Does it change the way you work, or are you thinking of going back to a flat monitor?

  15. I.m struggling to edit raw footage that I didn't plan well enough.
    Even onsite obstacles and hazy weather conditions upset the shoot.

    No advance study of the location meant missing best camera positions.
    It also wasted my limited camera batteries on inferior, less relevant shots.

    The intended audience will be critical, professional engineers. Bluffing won't work. The format will be Powerpoint slides.

    Hmmm. Bitter experience of poor planning on my part.

  16. As a filmmaker I knew these steps. What I hoped to learn from this video is how to choose one of the options. For example you said you can choose a host or a narator etc. but how do I know what is the best option for me? All the steps you go through are breef. I hope you make a video in the future that goes into a little more detail. Other that than Great video. Ill subscribe. Thanks

  17. Thank you very much. I want to sell a documentary film that I have prepared how to record the

  18. You're making DVD's in 2018? DVD's are standard definition. I'm sure the students are thrilled beyond all expectations.

  19. Thank you. Christ had mercy on me amd forgived me and now He changed my life and I live under his Lordship. I want to spread the Gospel the Good News of the Bible. Through documantaries. But I need devotion and self denial. To not fall into lazyness.

    Thank you again.

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